Uto-Aztecan languages

This forum is dedicated primarily to the study of Uto-Aztecan languages, but also to neighboring languages to the extent that their study is relevant for understanding Uto-Aztecan languages.

Map of Uto-Aztecan migrations (based on Shaul 2014)

PUA map



The languages and recognized subgroupings of the Uto-Aztecan family are:

  • Northern Uto-Aztecan (NUA)
    • Numic
      • Shoshone, Comanche, Northern Paiute, Southern Paiute, Ute, Mono, Kawaiisu, Goshiute, Panamint, Timbisha, Chemehuevi,
    • Serran
      • Serrano, Kitanemuk
    • Cupan
      • Tongva, Kawía, Luiseño, Cupeño,
    • Tübatülabal
    • Hopi
  • Southern Uto-Aztecan (SUA)
    • Tepiman
      • Pimic: Tohono O’odham, Pima Bajo, Northern Tepehuán, Southwestern Tepehuán, Southeastern Tepehuán, Tepecano †
    • Tarahumaran
      • Tarahumara, Guarijío
    • Cahita
      • Yaqui, Mayo
    • Ópatan †
      • Ópata, Eudeve, Jova
    • Tubar †
    • Coracholan
      • Cora, Huichol
    • Nahuan
      • Nahuatl, Nawat, Pochutec †,

Additionally a number of undocumented languages that disappeared in the colonial period are assumed to have been Uto-Aztecan.